Belizean Dukunu Recipe

Unlock the secret to authentic Belizean Dukunu! Our easy recipe blends plantains, coconut, and culture. Explore the taste of Belize at your fingertips!

Belizean Dukunu

About Ingredients Instructions Video Servings Tips Substitutes

Belizean dukunu is a traditional and cherished dish that reflects the rich culinary tapestry of Belizean cuisine. This delightful concoction is a harmonious blend of grated plantains, cornmeal, coconut milk, and sugar, steamed to perfection. The result is a sweet and savory pudding-like dish with a unique texture and a tropical essence.

The preparation process involves grating plantains, which contribute a distinct flavor and consistency to the dukunu. The addition of cornmeal provides body to the dish, while coconut milk imparts a creamy richness. Sugar adds sweetness, creating a delightful balance of flavors. The mixture is carefully wrapped in banana leaves, or alternatively, parchment paper, before being steamed. This method allows the ingredients to meld, resulting in a cohesive and flavorful dish.

Dukunu holds a special place in Belizean culture, often enjoyed during festive occasions, family gatherings, or as a comforting treat. Its preparation is a culinary art passed down through generations, with variations existing among different households. The dish encapsulates the essence of Belizean gastronomy, marrying indigenous ingredients with influences from the Caribbean and Central America.

Whether served as a side dish or a dessert, Belizean dukunu invites individuals to savor the heartwarming flavors of Belize's cultural heritage. Its unique combination of ingredients and meticulous preparation make it a beloved and symbolic dish, embodying the warmth and diversity of Belizean culinary traditions.


Dive into the vibrant flavors of Belize with our mouthwatering Belizean Dukunu recipe. A fusion of plantains, coconut, and tradition awaits! 🌴🍴 #BelizeanCuisine #DukunuDelight


  • 2 cups grated green or ripe plantains
  • 1 cup cornmeal
  • 1 cup coconut milk
  • 1/2 cup sugar (adjust to taste)
  • Pinch of salt

Method Instructions

  1. Peel and grate the plantains. You can use a food processor for this step to save time.
  2. In a mixing bowl, combine the grated plantains, cornmeal, sugar, and a pinch of salt.
  3. Slowly pour in the coconut milk while stirring continuously. Ensure that the mixture has a smooth consistency without lumps.
  4. The mixture should be thick but pourable. Adjust the amount of coconut milk or cornmeal if needed.
  5. If using banana leaves, briefly pass them over an open flame to make them pliable. Cut into square pieces (about 8x8 inches).
  6. Place a generous amount of the mixture onto the center of a banana leaf or parchment paper. Fold and secure it into a packet, ensuring it's well-sealed.
  7. Steam the wrapped dukunu for 1 to 1.5 hours. This process allows the flavors to meld, and the mixture to firm up. Ensure your steamer has enough water.
  8. Let the dukunu cool for a few minutes before unwrapping. Slice it into portions and serve warm.

Recipe Video

Belizean Dukunu

This is a video about Belizean Dukunu.

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Recipe Tags: Belizean Dukunu, Belizean Dukunu Recipe, Recipe


To serve Belizean dukunu, follow these steps for a delightful dining experience:

  • Unwrap with Care: If you used banana leaves for wrapping, carefully unwrap the dukunu. If parchment paper was used, gently remove the paper covering.
  • Slice into Portions: Using a sharp knife, slice the dukunu into individual portions. Aim for uniform slices to present an appealing dish.
  • Arrange on a Plate: Place the slices neatly on a serving plate. Consider arranging them in an aesthetically pleasing manner for a visually appealing presentation.
  • Garnish (Optional): While traditional dukunu is flavorful on its own, you can enhance the presentation by adding a touch of creativity. Consider garnishing with a sprinkle of grated coconut or a drizzle of honey.
  • Serve Warm: Belizean dukunu is best enjoyed warm. The inviting aroma and comforting temperature add to the overall experience. Ensure it's served promptly after unwrapping.
  • Pairing Suggestions: Dukunu can be served as a standalone dessert or as a delightful accompaniment to savory dishes. It pairs well with a cup of tea, coffee, or even a scoop of vanilla ice cream for a decadent treat.


  1. Ripe Plantains: Choose ripe plantains for a sweeter flavor or green plantains for a more neutral taste. The level of ripeness will influence the overall sweetness of the dish.
  2. Consistency Check: Pay attention to the consistency of the dukunu mixture. It should be thick but pourable. Adjust the amount of coconut milk or cornmeal as needed to achieve the right texture.
  3. Banana Leaves or Parchment Paper: If using banana leaves, briefly pass them over an open flame to make them pliable. This makes wrapping easier. If banana leaves are unavailable, parchment paper is a suitable alternative.
  4. Secure Wrappings Well: Ensure that the banana leaves or parchment paper is securely wrapped around the dukunu to prevent the mixture from leaking during the steaming process.
  5. Steaming Time: Steam the wrapped dukunu for the recommended 1 to 1.5 hours. This allows the flavors to meld, and the mixture to achieve a firm, pudding-like consistency.
  6. Garnish Creatively (Optional): While not traditional, you can get creative with garnishes. Consider adding a sprinkle of grated coconut or a drizzle of honey for an extra touch of flavor and presentation.
  7. Serve Warm: Dukunu is best enjoyed warm. Allow it to cool for a few minutes after steaming, then serve promptly for the most enjoyable experience.
  8. Experiment with Flavors: Feel free to experiment with the recipe to suit your taste preferences. Some individuals enjoy adding a touch of nutmeg or cinnamon for extra depth of flavor.
  9. Storage: If you have leftovers, store them in the refrigerator. Dukunu can be reheated gently in a steamer or microwave when ready to enjoy again.
  10. Enjoy with Company: Dukunu is often enjoyed in the company of family and friends. Share this Belizean delight for a communal and heartwarming experience.

Ingredient Substitutes

While maintaining the authenticity of Belizean Dukunu is ideal, you can make some ingredient substitutions based on availability or dietary preferences. Here are some possible substitutes:

  1. Plantains: Substitute with green bananas if plantains are not available. The flavor will be slightly different, but the texture will be comparable.
  2. Cornmeal: If cornmeal is unavailable, you can use masa harina (corn flour) as a substitute. It may result in a slightly different texture, so adjust quantities accordingly.
  3. Coconut Milk: Coconut cream or coconut milk powder mixed with water can be used as alternatives to fresh coconut milk. Adjust the concentration to achieve the desired richness.
  4. Sugar: Honey, agave nectar, or maple syrup can be used instead of sugar. Adjust the quantity based on your preferred level of sweetness.
  5. Banana Leaves: Parchment paper is a common substitute for banana leaves. It doesn't impart the same flavor but serves the purpose of wrapping the dukunu during steaming.
  6. Additional Flavors (Optional): While not traditional, you can experiment with adding vanilla extract, cinnamon, or nutmeg to enhance the flavor profile.


Embark on a culinary journey with Belizean Dukunu – a taste of tradition, a fusion of flavors. Gather, savor, and create memories with each delicious bite. Cheers to the richness of Belizean cuisine!

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